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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10445/4401

Title: Intelligent behaviors of amoeboid movement based on complex dynamics of soft matter
Authors: Nakagaki, Toshiyuki
Guy, Robert
Abstract: We review how soft matter is self-organized to perform information processing at the cell level by examining the model organism Physarum plasmodium. The amoeboid organism, Physarum polycephalum, in the class of true slime molds, exhibits the intelligent behavior of foraging in complex situations. When placed in a maze with food sources at two exits, the organism develops tubular structures with its body which connect the food sources along the shortest path so that the rates of nutrient absorption and intracellular communication are maximized. This intelligent behavior results from the organism’s control of a dynamic network through which mechanical and chemical information is transmitted. We review experimental studies that explore the development and adaptation of structures that make up the network. Recently a model of the dynamic network has been developed, and we review the formulation of this model and present some key results. The model captures the dynamics of existing networks, but it does not answer the question of how such networks form initially. To address the development of cell shape, we review existing mechanochemical models of the protoplasm of Physarum, present more general models of motile cells, and discuss how to adapt existing models to explore the development of intelligent networks in Physarum.
Research Achievement Classification: 原著論文/Original Paper
Type: Journal Article
Peer Review: あり/yes
Solo/Joint Author(s): 共著/joint
Published journal or presented
academic conference: 
Soft Matter
Volume: 4
Spage: 57
Epage: 67
Date: 2008
Appears in Collections:Nakagaki Toshiyuki

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